“When I started studying, I became fascinated by the chemistry of life. At the time, had just discovered the relationship of hormones with human reproduction. And playback is the most dynamic part of life.”

Dr. Elsimar Coutinho

Hormonal Replacement

As the term implies, replacement means giving something that doesn't exist anymore back. In the human body's case it means giving back substances that are no longer produced naturally by the organism.

From a certain age on, a person, either man or woman lessens their sex hormone quantity production, due to partial or total failure of the endocrine glands. In the woman's case, this is linked to the abrupt end of an organism's important activity up to that moment, ovulation. Some of the side effects from the reduction of oestradiol production are the loss of the body's characteristic feminine curves, especially buttocks and breasts, increasing bodily fat, masculinization signs like body hair and the thickening of the tone of voice.

In men the gradual and continuous reduction of hormone production brings a number of side effects that go from the loss of muscular tonus, depression signs and sexual indifference, to loss of aggressiveness and memory.

In this case this decreased hormone production is not viewed as a pathology or a problem, but as a natural bodily process. Hormonal replacement has thus a corrective effect, attenuating the symptoms that come about after menopause, in the case of women, and andropause, in the case of men.

Additionally, the hormonal replacement therapy boosts the production of the red blood cells. Red blood cells are responsible for the strengthening of the immune system, which is the main barrier protecting the organism from illnesses. So the hormone replacement is an allied in the prevention of illnesses that appear during the person's ageing process, including cancer and cardiovascular complications. Besides it stimulates the production of HDL cholesterol, known as the "good" cholesterol.

With regular replacement the levels can be re-established and consequently, all the unwanted effects that come along with menopause or andropause are appeased. With the end of these effects daily productivity on both sexes increases, restoring the energetic levels, physical and mental strength, and re-establishing the sexual, love, social and professional satisfaction. HORMONE THERAPY

Throughout life men and women can come up with some hormone production deficiency related to their reproductive system, which can be treated through hormone replacement therapy. Such malfunctions are considered by medicine as congenital or acquired pathologies and therefore require specific treatment.

Amongst the most common examples of such pathologies is Endometriosis, which is a disease caused by the displacement of fragments of the endometrial tissue (present in the internal uterine lining) to other places of the woman's body. The adhesion of this tissue to other organs can block or interfere in their normal function. It can cause strong colics, pain, and inflammation among other undesirable effects. Serious endometriosis can cause infertility by obstructing the ovum's passage from the ovaries to the uterus, as well as cancer.

Other cases that can easily be treated with hormone replacement therapy are early onset puberty, which can happen in boys and girls; polycystic ovaries, more common than one could imagine among females aged between 15 to 30 years; anaemia, and others. Likewise, men can also make use of the therapy when for instance; they want to build up muscular mass, cerebral capacity, vitality or virility amongst several other situations that may need this kind of intervention.

The hormone replacement therapy works thus by treating or alleviating the symptoms caused by disease or illnesses related to hormonal production, problems that can be bypassed with the administration of these hormones. In the topics destined to each specific profile - Female World, Male World and Youth - these necessities and situations are looked into deeper with the objective of elucidating the greatest possible number of doubts.